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What is salary sacrifice?

Murray Humphrey
Wednesday 10th March, 2021

Salary sacrifice is a government-backed scheme to help employers and their workers save on tax by paying into a workplace pension.

An employee effectively ‘swaps’ part of their salary for another benefit, in this case, pension contributions.

The employee agrees to give up a small part of their earnings, reducing their overall salary. These ‘sacrificed’ earnings are then added directly into their workplace pension, ready for their retirement.

Today, only 41% of smaller enterprises offer salary sacrifice, compared with 85% of large organisations. For many SMEs, salary sacrifice represents a simple way to trim their tax bill while helping their employees keep more of what they earn.

How it works

When an employee agrees to take part in a salary sacrifice scheme, they essentially agree to use a small part of their monthly pay for their pension.

Rather than paying a part of their earnings into their pension every month, they get paid less on the agreement that any money they sacrifice goes straight into their pension instead.

They are reducing their monthly take-home pay now in exchange for more money in their pension for the future.

The benefit of doing this is that by reducing the money they receive right now, they owe less tax and get to keep more of what they earn overall.

What salary sacrifice looks like

Here’s an example of Salary Sacrifice in action. Rachel works for a small business and earns £50,000 a year.

Before salary sacrifice, she paid 5% of her earnings into her workplace pension, with her employer adding a further 3% - that works out as £4,000 a year.

After her pension contributions and tax deductions, her net annual pay was £34,698.10.

However, with salary sacrifice, Rachel could be keeping more of what she earns.

Now, on paper she earns £47,500 a year - she’s “sacrificed” the 5% of her salary that she was previously adding to her pension. This contribution comes entirely from her employer.

Her new annual net salary? £35,029.35.

She’s still adding £4,000 to her pension every year, but by reducing her salary, she’s trimmed her tax bill, meaning she keeps hold of £331.25 extra every year!

That’s money for her, not the government.

A table showing that an employees pay-check is larger after pension contributions are made via salary sacrifice

How much could employers save?

Because salary sacrifice reduces an employee's earnings, you’re also reducing the amount of National Insurance your company owes.

National Insurance tax is calculated on gross salary - before any deductions. Reducing an employee’s ‘on paper’ salary means you’ll owe less in employer National Insurance contributions.

As National Insurance tax is calculated based on your salary before any deductions are taken, the reduced salary means you pay less National Insurance. This means that your take-home pay is actually more than if you paid your pension contribution separately.

A column chart showing that employer National Insurance owed is lower after using salary sacrifice to make pension contributions

Using Sarah’s example, rather than paying National Insurance on £50,000 a year, you’re now taxed on £47,000 a year. Remember, you’re still paying the same amount in pension contributions.

Here’s the main takeaway. You’ve just saved your business £327.75 a year simply by switching schemes. And that’s only for one employee.

The bigger your team (and the more your employees earn), the more you save.

How much can employees save?

As we touched on earlier, salary sacrifice is a great option for helping your employees keep more of what they earn.

Here are the main 3 advantages of salary sacrifice for your team:

  • Regular payments into their pension - including extra from you
  • Reduces their tax bill - increasing how much of their money they get to keep
  • Tax relief is applied automatically - meaning they won’t have to claim it from HMRC themselves
A bar chart showing how much more National Insurance employees are paying after the April 2022 increase

Salary sacrifice vs net pay

You may be familiar with the idea of employee pension contributions being paid pre-tax, before Income Tax and National Insurance deductions. This is known as the ‘Net Pay’ approach. Salary sacrifice is a little different.

With ‘Net Pay’ your employees' pension contributions still come from their salary. Their yearly earnings don’t change, they just use a percentage of their income to pay into their pension.

For salary sacrifice, technically the employee doesn’t pay anything into their pension. All contributions come from the employer, supported by the employee’s sacrificed earnings.

It’s a small difference that doesn’t affect how much goes into their pension - but has a big impact on how quickly tax relief is added to their pot. No more waiting for HMRC.

Should I take salary sacrifice?

While salary sacrifice can be a fantastic way to effectively increase your earnings, it will have an impact on anything that is linked to an employee’s salary.

Here are a few things that may affect your decision to switch to a salary sacrifice scheme.

Low income

You won’t be able to use salary sacrifice where it would reduce an employee’s earnings under minimum wage.

Salary-based benefits

Any life insurance or loan applications that are linked to salary may also be affected. Typically you can provide a lender with a letter/statement explaining that your employee is part of a salary sacrifice arrangement - but it might be worth double-checking if you’re applying for a loan/mortgage.

Maternity pay

Typically statutory maternity pay is calculated based on average weekly earnings so could be reduced if your overall salary is reduced.

How Penfold can help

Penfold can set up salary sacrifice pensions in under 10 minutes through your employer.

Using Penfold you can find and consolidate all your existing pensions and receive employer contributions in one place. If you’re interested in finding out more about Penfold’s salary sacrifice scheme get in touch today.

Tax benefits are dependent on personal circumstances. The examples used here are illustrative not guaranteed and may be subject to change. This article is not intended as financial advice.

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